The Department of Law desires to mold legal professionals capable of engaging in advanced research with an aptitude for solving disputes. The latter may arise in applying established legal rules as to the regulation of the relationship between individuals within a society, individuals and the state itself, or amongst nation states.
Law is a fundamental and precursory element necessary for peaceful co-existence in a community. For the protection of personal rights and freedoms and for a society to live with comfort, prosperity and peace, it is essential to have an effective democratic and constitutional state which keeps the principle of the rule of law as a paramount objective.
In a constitutional state it should be remembered that the person is a beneficiary and cannot and should not, for any reason, be reduced to an instrument or object.
We are proud to present a program of education that is academically based on the English Legal System. We offer a programme which aims to give ample online and other resources, enabling students to take full advantage of received education and thus allowing them to compete in the international arena.
Have knowledge of and understand the world’s most important internal market and its principles, EU
Have procedural knowledge of the European Union allowing them the opportunity to appear before the Court of Justice and at first instance to defend clients
Talent to be able to defend clients in the UN Human Rights Tribunals and Council of Europe Court in Strasbourg
Academic qualifications necessary to go on and be successful as practicing solicitors and barristers in the United Kingdom
Much of the Law taught in the program (such as EU law and Human Rights) are dynamic, ever changing, developing and evolving. Thus an ability for advanced research and current updated knowledge of the law is something that shall be acquired
Unique common law legal knowledge; a system which is the most commonly used outside of Roman Law
Case law knowledge and understanding of the role of judges to grant professional excellence
Legal logic and reasoning
Interpretative skills for both case law and Statutes
Law is a social skill – effective communication with clients and the ability to clearly and effectively put their case across to the court in a logical manner.
Modern interference with law in private lives
The ability to critically analyse
An understanding of the public legal sphere
Ethical requirements of practice as national and internationally prestigious profession
English Legal System and Method I (LAW 101)
The concept of law; classification of the law; sources of law, including Parliament, the courts and the European Community; the structure of the court system; jurisdiction of the courts both civil and criminal; Appeals in civil and criminal cases; statutory interpretation:-canons of construction and aids to interpretation; the operation of the doctrine of precedent:- theoretical foundations, and the doctrine as applied in individual courts; civil procedure.
English Legal System and Method II (LAW 102)
Introduction to the jury system; Legal personnel; The Judiciary; Appeals; Unmet legal need and funding legal advice and assistance; Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR).
Constitutional Law & Administrative Law I (LAW 103)
The nature of constitutions; the nature and sources of British Constitutional law; conventions; the sovereignty of Parliament;; European Community law and domestic law. The House of Commons; the House of Lords; Parliamentary privilege; the Royal Prerogative; The Executive; Delegated legislation; local government; the protection of fundamental human rights; civil rights and freedoms- freedom of the person; freedom of expression; freedom of assembly and association.
Constitutional & Administrative Law II (LAW 104)
Nature, scope and sources of administrative agencies and procedure, relationship between administrative law, the rule of law, separation of powers and delegation of powers; Delegated legislation: its nature, forms, making and control thereof Judicial review of administrative action - principles; remedies; tribunals and inquiries; parliamentary commissioner for administration and others; the legal liability of the Crown and local authorities.
Legal Philosophy I (LAW 105)
Morality and the law; theories of punishment-discuss the advantages of each of the following theories (a) deterrence (b) incapacitation (c)rehabilitation (d)just dessert; war crimes; types of punishment; (1 )community service orders (2) probation.
Legal Philosophy II (LAW 106)
Introduction to legal theory; jurisprudence; what constitutes a valid legal system; legal positivism- is there a moral justification for law; legal principles; natural law.
Legal Research and Writing I (LAW 107)
Provides students with knowledge and skills in researching legal materials and undertaking legal writing on the basis of such materials. In particular, students will undertake practical exercises, be shown methods of manual search and electronic retrieval methods for collections of written laws and law reports, and law textbooks, journals and encyclopaedias.
Legal Research and Writing II (LAW 108) Prerequisites: LAW107
Students will receive instruction and practical experience in reading judicial decisions; both reported and unreported, on written constitutions, legislation and subsidiary legislation.
Detailed understanding of writing a legal answer with legal authorities.
Communication & Study Skills I (LAW 109)
Learning effective study skills, time management. Constructing Letters, Presentations, Debates and Interviews.
Communication & Study Skills II (LAW 110)
The students will learn the factors that work towards effective Communication with others. Much of this course focuses on the application of this knowledge to lawyer-client relationships.
Persuasion skills also play a predominant part.
Criminal Law & Procedure I (LAW 201)
Crime and the criminal law; fundamental principles of criminal liability; general defences; participation in a crime; Inchoate(incomplete) offences; Offences against the person: unlawful homicide; non-fatal offences against the person, including sexual offences; property offences; offences against public order.
Criminal Law & Procedure II (LAW202)
Objects of procedure; detection of crime and arrest; the criminal courts; a prosecution; summary trial; cases proceeding to the crown court for trial; adjournments; bail and sentencing; the crown court; the youth court; appeal procedure.
Law of Contract I (LAW203)
Prerequisites:LAW101 ;LAW102;LAW103 ;LAW106;LAW107:LAW201
Introduction; offer and acceptance; termination of offer; certainty of terms; considerationbasic principles; part payment of debts and promissory estoppel; intention to create legal relations; contractual terms; exclusion and limitation clauses; unfair contract terms act unfair terms regulations.
Law of Contract II (LAW204)
Misrepresentation; misrepresentation Act 1967; Mistake- common mistake; mutual mistake; unilateral mistake non est factum; duress; undue influence illegality contract in restraint of trade; discharge by frustration; discharge by agreement; performance; breach; remedies: damages, injunction restitution.
Introduction to European Law I (LAW 205)
Prerequisites: LAW101;LAW102;LAW107; LAW108
Part 1: Evolution of the European Union -Historical background; forms of economic integration; the European Community- foundations and principles;
Part 2: Institutional Structure and Law -Making - The institutions of the communities; the law-making process;
Part 3: The Community Legal System -Community legal method; sources of community law; the supremacy of community law; using community law before national courts; Infringement actions before the European Court of Justice; actions for annulment before the European Court of Justice; references to the European Court of Justice under Art 234 EC; other proceedings before the European Court of Justice.
Introduction European Law II (LAW 206)
Prerequisites: LAW1 01;LAW102;LAW107;LAW108;LAW205
Part 4: The Law of the Common Market: The Four Freedoms: Common Market; Free Movement of Goods-costumes duties and internal taxation; quantitative restrictions; Free movement of Persons; freedom of establishment and services; tree movement of capital.
Part 5: the nature of the common policies; social policy; competition policy.
Legal Accounting (LAW 207)
Introduction to basic book-keeping; introduction to solicitor’s accounts; basic receipts and payments; trust money; regulatory compliance.
Consumer Law (LAW 208)
Prerequisites:LAW101 :LAW102:LAW107:LAW108:LA W109:LAW110
Case study; sale of Goods Act 1979 s.13 - correspondence with description; relationship between s.13 and express terms/representation; Sale of Goods Act s.14(2) as amended by the Sale and Supply of Goods Act 1994; Merchantable/ satisfactory quality Sale of Goods Act s.14(3) -fitness for purpose;
Consumer remedies; acceptance of goods; damages; exclusion clauses; privity; collateral contracts; manufacturer`s guarantees; negligence; consumer protection Act; Consumers, consumerism and consumer law; evolution and theories of consumer law- modem and post modernism; advertising control- criminal law: trade description; civil liability; advertising standards authority; nature of advertising -law and discourse.
Family Law I (LAW209)
This course will examine marriage, dissolution of marriage, nullity of marriage, separation, legitimacy and legitimating of children, custody, guardianship, maintenance and adoption of children, as provided under legislation, common law and equity and custom.
Family Law II (LAW 210)
The course will consider distribution of income and property between family members, and the recognition of overseas orders and decrees relating to family.
Law of Torts I (LAW 301)
Historical background and general principles of liability; negligence - duty of care, standard of care; causation and remoteness of damage; nervous shock; occupiers liability; contributory negligence, damages.
Law of Torts II (LAW 302)
Prerequisites: LAW101 :LAW102:LAW107:LAW108:LAW203: LAW301
Trespass to the person and Wikinson v Downton; Trespass to land; nuisance; Rylands v Fletcher and fire; Defamation; malicious falsehood.
Land Law I (LAW 203)
Introduction to the types of property rights in land; proving title and tenures and estates; legal and equitable rights in land and the 1925 legislation; the creation of equitable interests; the equitable doctrine of notice; registration of land charges (unregistered land); registration of title (registered land); requirements for a lease; obligation in leases; overview / revision.
Land Law II (LAW 204)
Old -style and new-style trusts of land; the operation of new- style trusts of land; coownership; adverse possession and easements; restrictive covenants; mortgages
Equity and Trusts I (LAW 305)
Introduction: classification of trusts and the requirements for validity of an express private trust; Express Private Trusts: the requirement of certainty; the formal requirements; the requirement for the trust to be validly constituted; the requirement for the trust to take effect within the relevant perpetuity period; the requirement for the trust to satisfy the beneficiary principle; Implied Trusts: resulting trusts; constructive trusts Express Public Trusts: charitable trusts.
Equity and Trusts II (LAW 306)
Introduction: Duties and powers of trustees/ rights of beneficiaries; duty of investment and powers to invest; power to maintain and to advance; other duties and powers. Rights pf Beneficiaries: right to seek variation of the trust; right to sue trustees for breach of trust- the personal claim; right to sue accessories to breach of trust -the personal claim; right to trace trust property- the propriety claim; Trust administration: outline of relevant tax law rules.
Law of Evidence & Civil Procedure I (LAW 307)Prerequisites:LAW201 ;LAW202
General principles; pre-action conduct of litigation; debt recovery actions; limitation; issue and service proceedings; defendant`s response; default ,and summary judgments; statements of case; parties; interim applications; case management.
Law of Evidence & Civil Procedure II (LAW 308) Prerequisites:LAW201;LAW202;LAW307
Small claims track; fast track; multi -track; disclosure; witness and expert evidence; offers and payments; trail and appeal; costs; matters arising after judgment.
Company Law I (LAW 401)
Prerequisites:LAW101;LAW102;LAW203;LAW204;LAW207;LAW208;LAW301;LAW302 Classification of companies; registration of companies; memorandum of association; articles
of association; contractual capacity; share capital; shares; loan capital.
Company Law II (LAW 402)
Floating charges - Insolvency aspects; floating charges and transaction avoidance in insolvency; shareholders` rights and duties; directors; directors` duties; directors fiduciary duties; care and skill / statutory duties; minority protection; the company in liquidation.
Commercial Law I (LAW 403)
Transfer of property; passing of risk; mistake and frustration; insolvency: the validity and effectiveness of retention of title clauses; the statutory implied terms: the right to sell; the condition of goods; duties of the parties and remedies.
Commercial Law II (LAW 404)Prerequisites: LAW403
Title conflicts in sale transactions; introduction to agency relationship; creation of the Agency relationship and the importance of the agent`s authority; the types of agency relationship; creation of the agency relationship; the relationship between principal and agent
Public International law I (LAW 405)
Topics will include some of the following: introduction to the nature of internationa11aw and its historical development; sources of international law; the relationship between international and municipa11aw; the subjects of international law.
Public International Law II (LAW 406) Prerequisites:LAW405
The concept of sovereignty and state recognition; state jurisdiction; the acquisition and loss of territory; state responsibility; treaties and other international legal agreements; the pacific settlement of disputes; the use of force; international institutions; human rights.
Electives for Years III and IV
CyprusLaw Package I (LAW 309)
Constitution; court system; rent-lease; land law; family law; wills; work law; road traffic law
CyprusLaw Package II (LAW 310)
Civil Law Suit- procedure law; Evidence Law; prescription law; Oaths;
Explosive Material Law; Weapon Law; Media Law; Bills of Exchange Law; Cyprus Law
CyprusLaw Package III (LAW 311)
Torts Law; Contract Law; Criminal Law; Criminal Court Procedure; Sale of Goods Law; Sale of Vehicles Law; Drugs Law; Antiques Law.
Research Project (LAW 312)
Enables students to extend their research skills and their knowledge and understanding of an aspect of the law, which is of particular interest to them under the supervision of a member of staff approved by the Law Faculty Board of Studies.
Criminology (LAW 313)
Criminology involves a study of the phenomenon of crime and will involve a consideration of the following areas: the definition and nature of crime; the justification and theories of punishment; the various schools which provide perspectives on the understanding of the aetiology of crime; the treatment of the offender and crime prevention and control.
Employment Law (LAW 314) ,
The contract of employment: formation; obligation of parties, express and implied; termination and suspension of the contact and remedies for breach; restraint of trade; apprenticeship, Statute affecting employment terms in regard to formal requirements, wages, notice of termination; suspension, lay-off and redundancy; hours of work, rest days and holidays; children, young persons and women; the employment tribunal. The employer`s responsibility for the safety of employees; negligence and breach of statutory duty; health and safety at work.
Environmental Law (LAW 315)
This course will examine in general the laws which regulate land use, water use, biodiversity, national and cultural heritage, protected areas, air and marine pollution. The course also, considers the role and effect of environmental impact reports and of environmental litigation.
Human Rights Law (LAW 316)
The cultural and historical background of human rights shall be analysed together with the developments in the domestic and international protection of such rights. The Course will cover the United Nations world system and the United Nations Charter, the major international and Regional Human Rights Conventions and other related Instruments. The European Convention on Human Rights and the European Protection System will be dealt with in detail.
Conflict of Laws (LAW 317)
Where a foreign element (such as nationality, place of accident) is involved in private law cases, conflicts of jurisdiction and questions as to the applicability of the foreign law may be involved, The course examines the basic principles of private international law including recognition of foreign judgments, and internal conflicts within the UK, that is, conflicts between UK law and foreign law.
Revenue Law (LAW 318)
Studies the law relating to direct and indirect taxation in the UK as well as Cyprus. The principle forms of direct taxation, particularly income tax, rent tax, turnover tax, property tax; value added tax and the principle forms of indirect taxation particularly customs duty excise duty. In addition, the course considers the impact of international treaties and agreements relating to taxation.
Medical Law (LAW 319)
This course examines overlapping issues in law and medicine in medical, legal and philosophical contexts. The aim is to study a variety of problems of life, death and consent to treatment. Students are expected to argue about problems from a variety of viewpoints, including ethical argument. The issues considered will include the following: issues of life: e.g. the new reproductive technology; Medical treatment -e.g. consent to treatment; issues of death- e.g. euthanasia.
Intellectual Property Law (LAW 320)
The introductory aspects of this course cover both industrial and intellectual property, namely:
1- patents, trade secrets, trade marks, trade names, passing off, copy rights and registered designs; 2. General survey of forms of industrial and intellectual property- need for protection; nature of protection; comparative advantages of each form of protection; 3 - Copyright:
International Conventions- main works protected namely unpublished works, literacy works, dramatic and musical works, sound and TV Broadcasts. Ownership of copyright: authorship, joint authorship; commission works; Assignment; Licences; Infringement of copyright remedies for infringement & sanctions. The Press and copyright. World Intellectual Property Office (WIPO) - Geneva; relevance to developing countries.
Transport Law (LAW 321)
Provides an understanding of the laws relating to air, land and water transport in the Cyprus region. Contracts of carriage of persons and goods and statutory regulation of such contracts are examined. The course also considers the systems of licensing of carriers established in the region, and the impact of international agreements and treaties upon the transport of goods and persons.
Jurisprudence of Law (LAW 322)
Examines fundamental questions about: the nature of law and the relationship of law and morality, politics, culture, tradition and custom. Analysis of law and legal system is provided around questions such as what makes law a law? Are laws rules? What is a legal right or legal obligation? The institutional concept of law and the judicial and legislative process and the law are also critically analysed; reasoning in the law with special reference to statutory interpretation, judicial administration.
Maritime Law (LAW 323)
This course will be an introduction into trade by sea and the legal rules involved to facilitate this important means of trade. The main analysis will be of Bills of Lading and the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act and Liabilities.
CyprusLaw Package IV (LAW 324)
Legal Writing and Drafting Skills
Advanced Legal Research and Writing (LAW 325)
This takes the legal writing undergraduate courses further. Writing like a lawyer and also as an academician is what we will experiment, by using different techniques, concentrating on the best use of English language in getting our message forward as simply and efficiently as possible.Emphasis will be placed on research techniques and sources that students will need to rely upon in their practice of law.
Sports Law (LAW 326)
This course examines those areas of law as applicable to the sporting arena and sports players. The course shall begin with an examination of the history and cultural importance of sports. It shall go on to debate the extent of the role of law in sports and whether this is in fact desired. Two opposing arguments shall be displayed. The domestic and international system of solving sporting disputes shall then be analysed, focus being placed upon CAS, its internal and appeal system. Elements of employment and contract law in so far as it applies to sports players shall be examined. Analysis of ports Agents regulations, most notably FIFA agent regulations shall take place; in addition to stadium liability and sports player’s tortuous and criminal liability rules.
Aviation Law (LAW 327)
Aviation lawis the branch of law that concerns flight, air travel and associated legal and business concerns. The international nature of air travel cannot be denied and thus an analysis of the international and also European regulations will take prominence. Students shall examine and seek an understanding of the International Civil Organisation and its role in this regard.
Hospitality Law (LAW 328)
Hospitality Lawis a study of the law relating to the foodservice, travel, and lodging industries. That is, it is the body of law governing hotels, bars, restaurants, spas, meeting and convention planners and country clubs. Hospitality law encompasses a wide variety of legal practice areas. The legal areas of study shall include contracts, employment law, and tort law with particular attention being paid to the application of the law of negligence in this particular sphere.
International Criminal Law (LAW329)
The course “International Criminal Law” deals with the issues of contemporary international criminal law and procedure. It comprises the topics on the sources of the international criminal law, criminal jurisdiction of states and immunities, mutual legal assistance in criminal matters and extradition, international criminal justice, individual criminal responsibility for genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and the crime of aggression. A special emphasis is made on the use of Socratic method, case studies and combination of individual and collective exercises.
Settlement of Commercial Disputes (LAW330)
The aim of the course is to highlight the changing legal regime and for the students to be able to identify the rights an investor may have in a given circumstance and to be aware of any relevant public international law principles. The second aim is to focus on the sui juris trade dispute settlement within the World Trade Organisation and NAFTA which is a corollary of the autonomous law of international trade generated by WTO and NAFTA respectively.
Transnational Criminal Law (LAW331)
The course will provide students with a detailed understanding of the nature of transnational crimes, such as drug trafficking, money laundering, terrorism and torture, and the treaties that create obligations for States with respect to their suppression. The course will also cover the mechanisms of state co-operation with respect to transnational crimes, such as extradition and mutual legal assistance. It will finish by providing students with a study of the various international bodies dedicated to promoting inter-State co-operation and the suppression of transnational criminality such as INTERPOL, and the UNODC.
Law and Culture (LAW332)
This course explores the relationship between law and culture – a topic that has become increasingly relevant through globalisation, a perceived ‘clash of civilizations’, and the problems of an effectively multicultural society. After having taken this course students will understand the main distinctions between legal and socio-scientific approaches to social problems and disputes. They will have become familiar with the answers to the question how law and culture are related one to the other. This will enable them to better understand and participate in debates about rule of law, human rights, and cultural defence, both orally and in writing.